Experts always say that ceiling repairs must be carried out in winter and always with the heating turned on.
The heat from the batteries has a positive effect on the material, or rather increases its adhesion to the surface that we are processing. The drying time of the applied layers is greatly reduced.
As everyone knows, since school physics, warm air is always lighter than cold, or even “room” air, so it rises and thereby keeps it in the upper layer of the room (near ceiling) dry and warm.
The ceiling is repaired, in most cases, in two widely known ways. In the terminology of the builders, they sound like “dry” and “raw”.
Raw method of ceiling repair:
The method called “raw” is the application of various solutions to the work surface, which was previously leveled and prepared.
The leveling process is the most important element in the process ceiling preparation. A wide range of materials and various devices are used here. The leveling value directly depends on the magnitude of the height difference on the ceiling surface.
When the difference is up to 5 centimeters, then feel free to use a simple putty. First of all, it is applied to the surface of the ceiling. After that, it takes some time for the applied layer to dry. Once the putty has dried well, it can be sanded well so that the entire surface is perfectly even.
In the case when the difference in heights on the ceiling surface is very large , then a reinforced mesh will always come to your aid. The function of the day is not only leveling, but also holding the structure (the applied putty is much better and easier to apply, retains its integrity for a long time, cracks do not appear on it and due to this, it does not crumble ). Often a paint grid is used.
It is very easy to recognize. In appearance, it resembles gauze, which is attached to the surface of the ceiling with glue. After waiting some time, after gluing the mesh, and the time is equal to the drying time of the entire applied material, you can start plastering.
True, they also use a metal frame mesh. Its use is justified only when it is necessary to hide deep holes, or “level” high bulges that are often found on the surface of the ceiling. The strength of such a mesh is very high and it can easily withstand heavy loads. It is attached with metal hooks or using nails.
The “raw” method is used only when there is a need to apply various paints to the ceiling, glue wallpaper or decorate it with exotic tiles. The purchase of materials for such work should be carried out in one company, since compatibility is very important to us, which affects the durability of the repair done.
Dry ceiling repair method:
New, prestigious and expensive now is the “dry” repair method ceiling. It was called “dry” because the creation of a coating on the ceiling practically does not require the use of a building mixture.
Such a seemingly small feature will reduce the amount of debris and dirt that the “raw ” method cannot do without.
“Deploy” a completely new ceiling using the “dry” method is easy right away on the surface of the old. This requires careful preparation. Such an express method will quickly hide the “worn” ceiling under a new layer. Almost always, for such manipulations, stretch ceilings are used, sometimes just suspended.
Such ceilings are the well-known PVC (polyvinyl chloride) film, the textures of which are very diverse. This type of ceiling is easily mounted on a plastic or metal frame (baguette), which is installed on the surface of the ceiling itself. Thanks to such ceilings, it is easy to imitate facing material of any complexity and rarity. These coatings can be made in the style of leather, marble, and with a strong desire, Venetian plaster will appear in your home. The shape of the frame is easily customizable, allowing you to cover all the places you want. The dances of such ceilings also have increased fire safety, long service life and protection from moisture.
As they say, the main drawback of such material lies in its price, although it takes into account the installation, but this essentially does not change anything. The installation of a stretch ceiling is very fast, but the technology itself is complex and requires the participation of only a specialist. The tension of the ceiling on the frame is carried out using heat guns. They are designed to heat the film to a special temperature, often 70 degrees. The heated canvas is easily stretched, at this time it is pulled onto the frame. As soon as the stretch ceiling begins to lower its temperature, it spontaneously stretches. This technology allows you to get a perfectly flat surface.
The frame base is the main element for suspended ceilings. Their main difference from tension ones is that solid materials and smaller sizes are used here. The frame is attached to metal hooks that are embedded in the ceiling itself. Plates are made of drywall, plastic, mineral fiber, ordinary wood, metal, and sometimes ceramics are also possible.
Such ceilings are widely used in administrative and office buildings, but their variety is both in color and in size , and the texture allows them to be applied anywhere. Often there are ceilings that are mounted on square elements or slatted form.
Repairing and replacing some parts is incredibly easy. Components are easy to detach from each other and fasten back. Special care for such plates is not required at all. They are easy to keep clean with a damp cloth and soapy water. An unpleasant fact that characterizes such ceilings is that they remove up to 12 cm of the height of the room itself. But even here you can use it to your advantage. In such a gap it is convenient to stretch the wiring. Mounting lamps and hiding fire alarms will be very convenient to do. There are times when such a space is used to accommodate ventilation shafts.
The modern construction market is becoming more and more saturated every day with a variety of finishing materials, including ceiling coverings. For example, waterproof gypsum slabs, which are designed for ceilings, will perfectly and easily resist a waterfall, but they will also remarkably soundproof your room.
Since gypsum is an environmentally friendly material and its porous structure easily passes air and conducts an indispensable and very necessary ventilation of the room.
The new ceiling coverings are electrically conductive panels made of polyurethane foam. Panels of this type are equipped with built-in conductive plates that make it possible to light a light bulb with a power in the range of 12-24 volts. True, a special cartridge-needle is installed here. The entire structure is connected to the network with only one wire.